• Exhaust turbocharger
    Exhaust turbocharger

    Exhaust turbocharger

    Exhaust turbocharger

    Downsizing has a long legacy at Audi – the first turbocharged gasoline engine, a five-cylinder unit, was produced as early as the late 1970s. Today the brand uses a turbocharger on all its four- and five-cylinder engines, both TDI and TFSI units, to increase performance and torque. Certain large V-engines employ two chargers according to the bi-turbo principle.

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  • Supercharger
    Supercharger

    Supercharger

    Supercharger

    Alongside exhaust gas turbochargers, Audi also makes use of superchargers to boost its engines. A supercharger is used in the 3.0 TFSI. The high-efficiency mechanical charger is situated in the 90-degree V formed by the cylinder banks and is driven by the engine via a poly-V belt. The gas pathways downstream of the charger are very short, thus the torque develops quickly and easily. The full boost is available even at idle.

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  • Intercooler
    Intercooler

    Charge-air cooler

    Charge-air cooler

    As a turbocharger compresses the intake air, it heats up, reaching temperatures between 120 and 150 degrees Celsius (between 248 and 302 degrees Fahrenheit). Hot air has a lower density, however, and thus contains less oxygen for combustion. A charge-air cooler is therefore placed downstream of the turbocharger to cool the compressed air before it enters the combustion chamber.

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